Electronic voting via the internet or e-voting is one of the possibilities for voting in addition to other methods of voting.
Electronic voting with a binding result has already been carried out five times in Estonia. E-voting was first used for the 2005 local government council elections when more than nine thousand voters (i.e. 1.9% of the participants in voting) gave their vote via the internet. Over 104,000 voters (i.e. 15.8% of the participants in voting) voted electronically in the local government council elections in autumn 2009. The number of electronic voters increased further in the 2011 Riigikogu elections, exceeding 140,000.
In Estonia, e-voting is possible with:
- an ID-card;
- digi-ID; or
Mobiil-ID was first introduced in the 2011 Riigikogu elections.
In many countries, voting booths have been introduced under the designation of e-voting, i.e. voting generally takes place in the polling division in a controlled environment by using a special machine. Electronic ballot boxes that can examine and ascertain the vote on the ballot paper are also used. Internet-based voting where voting is possible from every computer connected to the internet has not been tested as much. There are even fewer countries where internet-based votes are taken into account upon counting votes.